February 142020

Aspects of Mining Industry in India

Apart from agriculture, the mining industry is one of the core industries in the Indian economy. The products of the mining industry act as a raw material in other industries. Globally India is the major mining producer, producing chromite, coal, iron ore and more. This industry has grown gradually with the availability of time and depletion of resources. With the increase in mining and quarrying, India became one of the top reserves of coal in the global scenario. Over some time, traditional mining has undergone changes and mining was the last industry to be disrupted by technologies. Several reforms and policies have helped in the growth of the industry. The development of this sector is linked with other sectors such as railways, roadways, ports, power and electricity, metallurgy and mineral engineering and more. Hence with the growth of the mining industry, these industries simultaneously grow.

The modern Mine

Mining activities can be broken down into several activities such as integration of mine processes, transport, supply chain, mining operations, etc. From traditional mining to digitisation of integral processes in the mining, it is not just a technological shift, there are other challenges that the mining industry faces and deals regularly. Global demand is increasing and technology has helped in increasing connectivity and mobility enhancing mining processes.

Digitisation has always helped in the automation of mines and made operations better than before. Digital mining solutions helped in the improvement of operations, performance, drills, supply chain and fleet management. Inclusion of sensor-driven equipment, tracking of mines, and real-time monitoring of mining activities are some of the insight activities performed with the help of technology. Implementation of drones and other equipment for surveying, inventory management, traffic and fleet management.

Let's dig into see some of the benefits of digitisation in mining:
  • Keeping mines safe,
  • Optimise schedule,
  • Track mining activities on real-time basis,
  • Increase productivity with low operational cost,
  • help to deal with failures,
  • Ensuring profit and business in the global market.
Being a global and diversified business, mining also causes a certain level of environmental damages and disturbances. With the extraction of minerals, soil erosion and land degradation are occurring at a large scale. A huge impact on vegetation cover causes loss of flora and fauna at an enormous scale. Release of harmful chemicals into the air, soil and water bodies causes hazards. Effective management methods and awareness programs have been launched by several companies like ISO, WHO and more. Closing of illegal mines, scraping of mines, recycle, better regulations, closing of sites and most importantly installing “Green Mines” are few initiatives taken by these organisations.